1. Uses and meanings of the Egyptian pyramids
According to many recorded documents, the ancient Egyptians had a strong belief in resurrection and immortality. They prepare very carefully and thoughtfully for the death of themselves and those of their families and clans by building tombs. The pyramids served as tombs for Pharaohs and queens during the Old Kingdom and Middle Kingdom periods.
The shape of the Egyptian pyramids is thought to represent the primordial mound from which the Egyptians believed the Earth was created, as well as the sun’s rays. The names of the pyramids are also related to sunlight. For example, the Curved pyramid at Dahshur is called the Shining pyramid in the South, and the Senwosret pyramid in el-Lahun is called the Shining Senwosret.
To date, scientists have found 138 pyramids in Egypt. They are mostly built on the left bank of the Nile, where the sun goes down and are considered to be related to the world of the dead in Egyptian mythology. The Nile River is the main river of North Africa, often considered the longest river in the world, with a length of 6,853 km and empties into the Mediterranean. The Nile River is the most influential in Africa, associated with the formation, development and death of many ancient kingdoms, contributing to the creation of the Nile Civilization.
2. Abnormal heat inside the Pyramids
Although the temperature outside is very hot, inside the pyramids, specifically the pyramids of Giza, the temperature is always stable at about 20 degrees Celsius. According to the history of world civilization, scientists carry coins rusted into the pyramid and after more than a month the coins became shiny and new.
They continue to bring a cup of fresh milk inside the pyramid and after 1 month, the taste and color of the milk glass has not changed, or the fruit brought there for half a month is still very fresh, not at all. dehydrated, withered or damaged. It is still a historical mystery that no scientist has been able to explain.
3. How to build pyramids
|Until now, scientists have not found the exact way to help the ancient Egyptians build the pyramids.
The pyramid is built from 2.3 million stone blocks, each stone block weighs from 2.5 to 15 tons. People have made many theories about the process of building the pyramids. Some believe that the pyramids were built by extraterrestrial beings, while others believe that the ancient Egyptians possessed a lost secret over the generations to build the pyramids. tower.
The Pharaohs all started building their own pyramids as soon as they ascended the throne. Often these special tombs are located on the west bank of the Nile, with the concept that the souls of the Pharaohs will mingle with the sun and continue the eternal cycle with the sun.
The central part of the pyramids is usually built from good quality limestone, these layers of limestone are used to build the outer layer of the pyramids, giving them a sparkling white color that can be seen from a distance. miles. The rock placed on top is usually granite, basalt or any other hard rock that can be plated with gold, silver or electrum – an alloy of gold and silver. Especially those stones must reflect well with sunlight.
The ancient Egyptian method of cutting and transporting stone is still being studied. Scientists have found evidence that the ancient Egyptians used bronze chisels to mine sandstone and limestone. Harder rocks such as granite or diorite require stronger tools. Dolerite – a very hard black igneous rock used by the Aswa people for granite.
To transport the stones to the construction site, a group of men or herds of oxen would pull the rocks on a road previously lubricated with oil. Next, people will use small slopes made of mud bricks and then apply mortar on top to harden the surface and transport the stones to the top of the pyramid.
4. Types of traps inside the pyramid
There are many different types of traps placed in the ancient tombs to protect the kings from the harassment and disturbance of unwanted people. Traps made from extremely thin, sharp steel threads are hung at neck level. Snake traps also often appear in many ancient Egyptian tombs, they are often extremely poisonous cobras, trained to guard the tomb. The indispensable trap is the poison trap, people will scatter a lot of hematite powder – a sharp metal dust, if accidentally inhaled hematite powder, the body will gradually corrode and die slowly in pain.