Surely you already have at least an idea of Egypt, however, there are many more interesting things about ancient Egypt that you never knew.
When people talk about antiquity, they basically envision the appearance of people wearing no or very little clothing who went to harvest crops and believed in evil spirits or curses.But those are the stereotypes that live in our minds. The life of the ancient Egyptians was so busy that even people living today are surprised.
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– The longest reigning record was set by Pepi II and can hardly be repeated by anyone. Some scientists claim he reigned for 94 years.
– Power is passed from father to son, but if there is no male successor, women will become the rulers. One of the first women to ascend the throne was Hatshepsut. Just like the male rulers, she must wear a crown, scepter, and fake beard. That is why Hatshepsut is often depicted with a beard.
– Archaeologists have found boats, thrones, jewelry, perfumes and cosmetics inside the pyramids during various excavations. That’s why drinks and fruit were also placed in the tomb along with the dead king.
– The Egyptians were among the first to start domesticating animals. They tamed a donkey in 4500 BC and a goose in 3000 BC. At the same time, cats were also loved by the Egyptians, and they began cohabiting with humans in Cyprus in 7500 BC and were brought from the Middle East.
– They don’t arrange big celebrations on the wedding day. They simply exchanged gifts.
– In ancient Egypt, the marriage contract first appeared. Under the contract, the husband is obligated to return the dowry in the event of a divorce, as long as he is the one who initiated it. However, wives are also allowed to take the initiative to divorce.
– According to Hollywood movies, the Egyptians only covered their bodies with white cloths, but archaeological excavations say otherwise. They usually don’t dye their clothes, that’s why they keep their natural colors and that includes white. Men usually wear waist length clothes. Women’s clothing consisted of a dress or a linen shawl. It looks very aggressive and will cover all the curves of the body.
– Egyptian medicine can easily compete with many hospitals today. Each doctor has expertise and extensive knowledge of anatomy. Experts have produced artificial eyeballs, fingers, teeth and even limbs. They will also use honey gauze to tie and disinfect the wound.
– The police is also an Egyptian invention. They were formalized during the New Kingdom period. The police are mainly composed of foreign fighters and personnel. The police will ensure order in the city, fight fraud, track down criminals, ensure that market vendors do not deceive customers, and protect palaces and caravans. They are accompanied by service dogs and monkeys.
– In their spare time, the Egyptians entertained themselves with board games. The most famous game is called Senet, the original ancestor of what we know today as chess. The game appeared in the pre-dynastic period (circa 3500 BC).
– Modern archaeologists do not need to open the coffin, unwrap the mummy and disassemble the pieces.
All studies were performed on tomography. It can help to learn about the mummy’s age, gender, social position, diseases the person has suffered throughout life, their diet, and more.